Saturday, 15 January 2011

Building a Virtual Private Network



Building a Virtual Private Network
| 2002-11-01 00:00:00 | | 448 | Virtual Private Network (VPN)


Your business must be connected in order to compete in the global marketplace. Employees need to know that their company?s network is accessible at any time, from any place. A Virtual Private Network (VPN) accomplishes this by utilizing remote connectivity technologies that combine existing internal networks with the Internet to securely communicate information. Building a Virtual Private Network is your key to designing, implementing, and securing a fully connected network that meets your business needs.

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Geocoding Health Data: The Use of Geographic Codes in Cancer Prevention and Control, Research and Practice



Geocoding Health Data: The Use of Geographic Codes in Cancer Prevention and Control, Research and Practice
Gerard Rushton,Marc P. Armstrong,Josephine Gittler,Barry R. Greene,Claire E. Pavlik,Michele M. West,Dale L. Zimmerman | 2007-11-19 00:00:00 | CRC Press | 256 | Engineering
In the past, disease pattern mapping depended on census tracts based on political units, such as states and counties. However, with the advent of geographic information systems (GIS), researchers can now achieve a new level of precision and flexibility in geographic locating. This emerging technology allows the mapping of many different kinds of geographies, including disease rates in relation to pollution sources.

Geocoding Health Data presents a state-of-the-art discussion on the current technical and administrative developments in geographic information science. In particular, it discusses how geocoded residential addresses can be used to examine the spatial patterns of cancer incidence, staging, survival, and mortality.

The book begins with an introduction of various codes and their uses, including census geographic, health area, and street level codes. It goes on to describe the specific application of geocodes to cancer, detailing methods, materials, and technical issues. The text illustrates how to compile data maps for analysis and addresses issues, such as mismatch correction and data quality. It describes the current state of geocoding practices and discusses the use of individually geocoded cancer incidences in spatial epidemiology, distance estimation and spatial accessibilities, and tips for handling non-geocoded cases. Special consideration is given to privacy and confidentiality issues by focusing on disclosure limitation methods.

With recent disease outbreaks and escalating concerns about bioterrorism, interest in the application of GIS to individual data is growing. The fundamental concepts presented by this book are of great value to anyone trying to understand the causes, prevention, and control of cancer as well as a variety of other diseases.

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Organizational Improvement and Accountability: Lessons for Education from Other Sectors (2003)



Organizational Improvement and Accountability: Lessons for Education from Other Sectors (2003)
Brian Stecher | 2004-05-25 00:00:00 | RAND Corporation | 114 | Education
Describes accountability models in the manufacturing, job training, legal, and health care sectors; summarizes their effectiveness; and draws specific lessons for educators.

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The Gothic Body: Sexuality, Materialism, and Degeneration at the Fin de Siecle



The Gothic Body: Sexuality, Materialism, and Degeneration at the Fin de Siecle
Hurley Kelly | 2004-01-01 00:00:00 | Cambridge University Press | 220 | History
This book accounts for the resurgence of Gothic, and its immense popularity, during the British fin de siecle. In particular, Kelly Hurley explores a key scenario that haunts the genre: the loss of a unified and stable human identity, and the emergence of a chaotic and transformative "abhuman" identity in its place. Gothic is revealed as a highly productive and speculative genre, strongly indebted to nineteenth-century scientific, medical and social theories, including evolutionism, criminal anthropology and degeneration theory.
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Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursters (Lecture Notes in Physics)



Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursters (Lecture Notes in Physics)
Kurt Weiler | 2003-07-29 00:00:00 | Springer | 486 | Astronomy
Written by an international team of experts, this set of tutorial reviews provides a coherent and accessible summary of the current state of supernova research in all of its facets. The newly detected gamma-ray bursts are discussed in this context. While primarily addressing astrophysicists and astronomers, this book will also be of interest to cosmologists and nuclear physicists working on supernova-related issues.

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Plant Energetics



Plant Energetics
Octavian S. Ksenzhek,Alexander G. Volkov | 1998-02-04 00:00:00 | Academic Press | 389 | Internal Medicine
Emphasizing the physical and technological aspects of plant energetics, this comprehensive book covers a significant interdisciplinary research area for a broad range of investigators. Plant Energetics presentsthe thermodynamics of energy processes in plants, their interconnection and arrangement, and the estimation of intrinsic energy needs of the plant connected with performing various physiological functions. The book also demonstrates the role of electrical and electrochemical processes in the plants life cycle.
Plant Energetics incorporates such diverse themes as thermodynamics, biophysics, and bioelectrochemistry with applications in horticulture and ecology. It also discusses the roles and mechanisms of both quantum and thermophysical processes of theconversion of solar energy by plants, including photosynthesis and long distance transport.
Comprehensive details of value to basic and applied researchers dealing with photosynthesis, agriculture, horticulture, bioenergetics, biophysics, photobiology, and plant physiology make Plant Energetics an informative, one-stop resource that willsave time and energy in your search for the latest information.

Plant Energetics incorporates such diverse themes as thermodynamics, biophysics, and bioelectrochemistry with applications in horticulture and ecology. It also discusses the roles and mechanisms of both quantum and thermophysical processes of the conversion of solar energy by plants, including photosynthesis and long-distance transport.

Extensive details of value to basic and applied researchers dealing with photosynthesis, agriculture, horticulture, bioenergetics, biophysics, photobiology, and plant physiology make Plant Energetics an informative, one-stop resource that will save you time and energy in your search for the latest information.

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The Theatre of War: British and Irish Plays About The First World War



The Theatre of War: British and Irish Plays About The First World War
Heinz Kosok | 2007-08-15 00:00:00 | Palgrave Macmillan | 272 | Theater
The Theatre of War surveys more than two hundred plays about the First World War written, published and/or performed in Britain and Ireland between 1909 and 1998. Collectively, these plays constitute an important aspect of British and Irish literary, social and cultural history. They are discussed from five major perspectives: subject matter, technique, attitude, reception and evaluation. The resulting complex image is a significant contribution to the understanding of the First World War as a watershed in international history.


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Day Trading Systems and Methods



Day Trading Systems and Methods
Charles Lebeau | 1999-04-01 00:00:00 | Marketplace Books | 90 | Investing
Using your computer to Day Trade has never been more popular. But it can also be risky business. Benefit from the simple truths LeBeau and Lucas provide - and stay on the winning side of the score sheet more often! This compact little booklet really packs a punch. Two top pros cover all the day trading essentials including:

1) What it is
2) How to get started
3) Costs of doing business
4) Maximizing profits
5) 12 major systems and methods for day trading success

Plus, a demo disk assists readers in using their PC and analytical software when making any trading decision. DEMO Disk Included: The enclosed demo disk will enable you to quickly and easily apply all the methods and techniques outlined in the book and put them to work for you. Its an essential tool for becoming a better, consistently successful day trader - and will keep you on the cutting-edge of this fast-paced and quickly changing arena.
Reviews
Not even sure that I can recommend this to a beginner, as these methods are very simple, very vague and often have no money management. The only positive is that it's a quick read and cheap.
Reviews
I know Charles Lebeau because I meet him at Dr. Tharp's seminars about building a winning trading system that fits you. He is honest in that saying daytrading isn't for everyone. It increases the opportunity and the cost. If your like most traders and make classic mistakes the increased cost and # of transactions will deplete your account. If you understand the rules the ideas in here may help increase your profits. I would reccomend buying the orginal Market Wizard's book by Dr. Tharp called Trade Your Way to Financial Freedom and then you might have something to work with by reading this book.
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The book starts out with a word of caution, which is almost a refreshing break from the hype that has risen up around day trading. For those of us who have been trading for years, these words ring true. If you want the "holy grail" watch an informercial, if you want some ideas for trading, buy this book.
Reviews
Starts with a very negative opinion of Day Trading. It's roughly 80 pages of large type with a 1 or 2 page blurb on a "system" like gaps, RSI, divergence, etc. The back is full of ad's for other recommended material. Hard to find a worse book.
Reviews
The description of the books contents looked like a primer for anyone interested in day trading. Not so.

The first chapter about day trading and its overwhelming negative odds has a disclaimer that the authors very seldom day trade and have very little first hand experience with the methods they are presenting. This certainly begs the question of why they are writing the book.

The methods presented presume a broad knowledge of technical anyalysis particularly charting. For example the first method described refers to a ".025 envelope"this might be a well recognized term for a professional but without a glossary or other explanation it is impossible for a novice to follow the exmple.

The demo disk included "to enable you to quickly apply all the methods and techniques" is a free demo from a quote/chart service and nothing specifically related to the methods in the book. The software can be downloaded free from the internet.

The book was supposedly 1999 dated but the book itself has a 1992 copyright- Is this a rehash of an old pamphlet..

Maybe someone with expertise in the field would give the book 5 stars, but a person just starting out like myself would find it worthless.

My suggestion to the authors is that they identify on the book description to whom the book is directed and especially emphasize that its comprehension requires a certain level of expertise.

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The Ideafisher: How to Land That Big Idea-And Other Secrets of Creativity in Business



The Ideafisher: How to Land That Big Idea-And Other Secrets of Creativity in Business
Marsh Fisher | 1900-01-01 00:00:00 | Petersons | 256 | Business Life
A provocative guide to creative thinking explains how to work with the mind to develop a business plan, improve customer service, resolve interpersonal conflict, put together a presentation or ad campaign, develop new products and services, and get the job you want. Tour.
Reviews
This book helps to bring the creative genius out of you instead of just teaching you "how" to be creative. I have accomplished many projects just by relying on simple principles in this book. It is well worth the purchase if you are dedicated to creating and going beyond what is expected.

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Aquaculture Biosecurity: Prevention, Control, and Eradication of Aquatic Animal Disease



Aquaculture Biosecurity: Prevention, Control, and Eradication of Aquatic Animal Disease
A. David Scarfe,Cheng-Sheng Lee,Patricia J. O'Bryen | 2006-01-04 00:00:00 | Wiley-Blackwell | 182 | Veterinary Medicine
Published in Cooperation with THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY

Aquaculture loses millions of dollars in revenue annually due to aquatic animal diseases. Disease outbreaks continue to threaten profitable and viable aquaculture operations throughout the world. As a result, aquaculture biosecurity programs that address aquatic animal pathogens and diseases have become an important focus for the aquaculture industry. Aquaculture Biosecurity: Prevention, Control, and Eradication of Aquatic Animal Disease provides valuable information that will increase success in combating infectious aquatic disease.


Key representatives of international, regional, and national organizations presented their views on this important issue as part of a special session at the 2004 World Aquaculture Society Annual Conference. The chapters of this book cover a wealth of experience from the varied perspectives of these experts on biosecurity, policies, and measures to take the offensive against the spread of diseases in aquatic animals.


With contributions from renowned international experts, covering approaches to biosecurity policies and measures currently practiced, Aquaculture Biosecurity: Prevention, Control, and Eradication of Aquatic Animal Disease is a vital reference for all those concerned about protecting aquaculture from impacts of aquatic animal disease.
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Not really a very useful book. for the price I would have expected better.

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Be the Change: Your Guide to Freeing Slaves and Changing the World (Invert)



Be the Change: Your Guide to Freeing Slaves and Changing the World (Invert)
Zach Hunter | 2007-02-20 00:00:00 | Zondervan/Youth Specialties | 160 | Social Sciences
Most people think the average teenager isn't capable of much beyond hanging with their friends and wasting time. But Zach Hunter isn't your average teenager. And he's hoping to show you that you're not either. Zach has been trying to end slavery around the globe. Most people (maybe even you) think that slavery has been over for a long time. But sadly, there are more people bound in slavery now than at any of the times we read about in our history books. Now Zach is working to end slavery and free the men, women, and children who are being held against their will. He's even found some friends in the fight, including Jon Foreman of Switchfoot and Leeland Mooring of Leeland. Just look around the world and on the news and you'll find that there are plenty of things wrong with our planet---homelessness, hunger, global warming, AIDS...the list goes on and on. And we usually look at these problems and decide they're too big for us to do anything about. But Zach is proving that one person can make a difference. And in his book, he'll reveal the elements needed to make amazing changes in your world. In the end, he hopes you'll find the thing you're passionate about---and start making changes!
Reviews
Zach Hunter is extraordinarily ordinary and passionate to see modern day slavery ended. I'll admit, much of the book reads like a long book report, but he does collect a lot of inspirational stories of heroes of old. The book contains a challenge and a battle cry: Be the change. In other words, stand up for the oppressed.



His organization, Loose Change to Loosen Change, raised money for other organizations that are fighting the front-line fight against slavery. The organization also seeks to raise awareness about the existence of modern day slavery.



It's geared toward students, so the language is definitely casual, but it does contain some good discussion questions.
Reviews
In a world where it seems that no one champions cause of those who cannot speak for themselves, Zach Hunter steps up to the plate and delivers an issue that we may perceive as being a part of the past. The book is an easy, well spoken read that challenges you to take a step out and speak up for those who cannot. It is a guide book that entails how you can help and how we all can defend our fellow brothers and sisters in the world. Indeed, we can all be the change...Kudos Zach!
Reviews
This book has shown me that there is something that kids can do to help the human trafficking.

After just the first chapter, I was awakened to the needs in this world. because I didn't really know how much human slave trafficking is going on in this world. Zach Hunter ( the author) asks you what do you think you can do. And at the end of every chapter there is a place where the author asks you questions and recommends Bible passages.

This is a book that is perfect for people 12 and up.

By the way, I am 12 and I think the book is very interesting and very God oriented.

Truly a book that could change this teenage generation.
Reviews
If you are a serious Christian interested in this topic then you will like this book. For me, I am disappointed that I wasn't warned about the biblical references and overall Christian perspective taken. While I admire this boy's passion and resolve, I'm tired of being preached to by Christians. I returned the book.
Reviews
Zach Hunter's youthful writing style brings home a very real and timely point to all. Is does not take "Age" to make a difference in this world, only passion and a committment to see your vision through to the end.



Zach's book speaks to adults as well as teens. So far I have purchased, read and given away three copies of this book, including one to my 12 year old daughter. Every person I have spoken to about this book has been impressed, and many have gone on to buy a copy for themselves and/or their own teenager.



This is a great selection for a teen or adult book study group.

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Wirtschaftspsychologie (Springer-Lehrbuch) (German Edition)



Wirtschaftspsychologie (Springer-Lehrbuch) (German Edition)
Klaus Moser | 2007-10-01 00:00:00 | Springer | 429 | Marketing

Wirtschaftspsychologie - ein spannendes Fachgebiet mit großer gesellschaftlicher Relevanz und enormer Bandbreite: Von A wie Arbeitslosigkeit bis W wie Work-Life-Balance und dazwischen lebensnahe Themen wie Kundenbindung, Finanzpsychologie, Bürgersinn oder kontraproduktives Verhalten durch Schädigung öffentlicher Güter. Das Lehrbuch Wirtschaftspsychologie beschreibt den Menschen innerhalb von Wirtschaftssystemen: als Konsumenten, als Verbraucher, als Bürger - und deckt damit das Fachgebiet umfassend ab. Die Texte sind didaktisch aufbereitet: Ein anschaulicher Trailer führt in das Kapitel ein, Merksätze, Anwendungsbeispiele und Zusammenfassungen stellen wichtige Inhalte heraus. Mit Glossar zum Nachschlagen der Fachbegriffe.



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CCNA Security Official Exam Certification Guide (Exam 640-553) (Exam Certification Guide)



CCNA Security Official Exam Certification Guide (Exam 640-553) (Exam Certification Guide)
| 2008-07-04 00:00:00 | | 0 | Cisco Certification


CCNA Security

Official Exam Certification Guide

 

Master the IINS 640-553 exam with this official study guide Assess your knowledge with chapter-opening quizzes Review key concepts with Exam Preparation Tasks Practice with realistic exam questions on the CD-ROM

 

CCNA Security Official Exam Certification Guide is a best of breed Cisco® exam study guide that focuses specifically on the objectives for the CCNA® Security IINS exam. Senior security instructors Michael Watkins and Kevin Wallace share preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing your understanding and retention of exam topics.

 

CCNA Security Official Exam Certification Guide presents you with an organized test preparation routine through the use of proven series elements and techniques. ?Do I Know This Already?? quizzes open each chapter and allow you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section. Exam topic lists make referencing easy. Chapter-ending Exam Preparation Tasks sections help drill you on key concepts you must know thoroughly.

 

The companion CD-ROM contains a powerful testing engine that allows you to focus on individual topic areas or take complete, timed exams. The assessment engine also tracks your performance and provides feedback on a topic-by-topic basis, presenting question-by-question remediation to the text and laying out a complete study plan for review.

Well-regarded for its level of detail, assessment features, and challenging review questions and exercises, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that will enable you to succeed on the exam the first time.

 

CCNA Security Official Exam Certification Guide is part of a recommended learning path from Cisco that includes simulation and hands-on training from authorized Cisco Learning Partners and self-study products from Cisco Press. To find out more about instructor-led training, e-learning, and hands-on instruction offered by authorized Cisco Learning Partners worldwide, please visit www.cisco.com/go/authorizedtraining.

 

Michael Watkins, CCNA/CCNP®/CCVP®/CCSP®, is a full-time senior technical instructor with SkillSoft Corporation. With 13 years of network management, training, and consulting experience, Michael has worked with organizations such as Kraft Foods, Johnson and Johnson, Raytheon, and the United States Air Force to help them implement and learn the latest network technologies.

 

Kevin Wallace, CCIE® No. 7945, is a certified Cisco instructor working full time for SkillSoft, where he teaches courses in the Cisco CCSP, CCVP, and CCNP tracks. With 19 years of Cisco networking experience, Kevin has been a network design specialist for the Walt Disney World Resort and a network manager for Eastern Kentucky University. Kevin also is a CCVP, CCSP, CCNP, and CCDP with multiple Cisco security and IP communications specializations.

 

The official study guide helps you master all the topics on the IINS exam, including

Network security threats Security policies Network perimeter defense AAA configuration Router security Switch security Endpoint security SAN security VoIP security IOS firewalls Cisco IOS® IPS Cryptography Digital signatures PKI and asymmetric encryption IPsec VPNs

 

This volume is part of the Exam Certification Guide Series from Cisco Press®. Books in this series provide officially developed exam preparation materials that offer assessment, review, and practice to help Cisco Career Certification candidates identify weaknesses, concentrate their study efforts, and enhance their confidence as exam day nears.

 

Category: Cisco Press?Cisco Certification

Covers: IINS exam 640-553



User review
Best Study Source for CCNAS
I read this book, as well as the Exam Cram book for this exam, and studied a little bit from the other CCNA Security book by Richard Deal. Overall I think the Cisco Press book was the best as far as what it covers and how it words things. The key topics are clearly marked throughout the chapters so you can easily flip through the book and review them, this helps keep from having to highlight and mark things on your own. The many screen shots of SDM where helpful and the configuration examples where easy to understand. So yeah, best single study source.


Some final advice:

I think this book was better than the other two I studied. But I'd suggest studying from at least one other book just to get a different taste of it. You may be able to answer all the questions in this book, but fail miserably at the questions from another book because they're different. This was a tough exam, I was lucky to have SDM and a router at home to practice the stuff on and passed the exam, not a great score, but still. I honestly don't think studying ONLY this book will enable you to pass, I don't think studying any ONE book will enable you to pass, at the least you should have some way to practice everything hands-on, or `simulate` it however you can, because Cisco has questions on the exams that require you to know how to do some of the stuff hands on.

User review
USE FOR PRIMER ONLY
DON'T BUY! ABSOLUTELY WORTHLESS FOR THE EXAM. This book should be billed as a primer only. It contains good introductory-level information but was nowhere near the level of depth of information required on the actual exam. The cover says it has `realistic exam questions.` Not so. I passed all practice exams with ease, but on the actual exam, the level of granularity on the questions was much more in-depth than anything covered in the book. This book in no way, shape, or form prepares you for the exam. Like I said, good as an intro to the subject but definitely NOT good for exam preparation. Sorry to disappoint, but either they changed the exam to make it harder, or whoever advertised the book over-reached on their claims for how the book would prepare you. In any case, if it ever was good, it is NOT good for this exam any longer. DON'T BUY!

User review
excellent coverage of exam material
I can't imagine being able to pass this exam without this book. topics are well organized and very well covered. The included CD has the boson test on it, which is integrally tied to the book. If you miss a question on the test their is a link that will take directly to that section of the book that covers that material.

User review
Great book
This was a very informative text that provides a nice entry into the security realm after obtaining your CCNA. Whether you plan to take the exam or not, I highly recommend it for the knowledge you can obtain from it.

User review
ccna security ftw!
This is a must need book for any network technician or administrator. Plain and simple, you will get your money's worth out of this book! I recently obtained my CCNA and was looking to add an extra appendage to my credentials, so I chose to read this book. I havent yet attempted to take the certification yet or if I even will, but I will say that I came out knowing a ton more about hardening your Cisco devices than I did with the ccna material. In fact, theres really not that much configuring wise with security in the ccna material. So this book really gives you a `one-up` to those with just ccna credentials.


The first thing that I enjoyed in this book was learning about DHCP snooping, vlan hopping, double tagging, stp attacks, CAM table attacks, etc. This book actually explains and shows you how to prevent these layer 2 attacks.


I also enjoyed the cryptography and encryption material (which I also didn't know much about).


The CCNA security is fairly new to the cisco program (as of april 09) and is definitely emerging big time. I encourage you to get this book and jump on the bandwagon.


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ASP.NET 2.0 Unleashed (Unleashed)



ASP.NET 2.0 Unleashed (Unleashed)
| 2006-06-06 00:00:00 | | 0 | ASP.NET


ASP.NET 2.0 Unleashed is a revision of the best-selling ASP.NET Unleashed, by Microsoft Software Legend Stephen Walther. It covers virtually all features of ASP.NET 2.0 including more than 50 new controls, personalization, master pages, and web parts. All code samples are presented in VB and C#. Throughout the more than 2,000 pages, you will be shown how to develop state-of-the-art Web applications using Microsoft's latest development tools. This resource is guaranteed to be used as a reference guide over and over!  

 



User review
Valuable Tool for ASP.NET Developers
This book contains a large amount of valuable information for beginners to intermediates developing in ASP.NET and/or VB.NET. It is easy to read and understand. I would recommend this book to anyone who is interested in picking up great tips in web page development.

User review
Thorough and quickly helpful
I'm at a moderate level of web programming experience and new to .net 2.0. I have referenced the book twice in a week for topics that I was having trouble googling. On both occasions, I found the topic directly listed in the table of contents. When I read the topic, the presentation of the material was straightforward and the examples were terrific for filling in some subtleties not covered in the text.


There were small pieces missing about hooking up windows security (examples helped me figure it out). It's also a VB-oriented book. The table of contents shows this book to be rich with different topics covered. In scanning the book, it looks like they will be similarly well covered.


In short, I'm thrilled with this book.

User review
So far so good
We bought 5 of these for our staff. I haven't gotten too far into it yet as we're really busy but we are being forced to move to .net soon so we need some materials. We researched several different books on this topic. This one is presented very clearly, lots of examples and explinations, reads well. Not super intense but seems like a great starter/mid level book.

User review
Good Book But Missing ADO.NET and WebService.
Generally speaking, it's a good book for new features of asp.net 2.0.

Unfortunately, this big book still not include, two important parts of asp.net, ADO.NET and Web Service.

User review
No Databasefiles in the CD
I bought this book just a few weeks back. And I've noticed that there are no database files in the CD. The author mentioned in the 8th chapter of the book ` You can simply copy the database files(.mdf files) from the CD onto your local hardrive to use the sample databases`. But I could see only the sourcecode files in the cd, no database files. That's really bad and I am very disappointed.


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Fundamentals of Digital Logic with VHDL Design, Second Edition



Fundamentals of Digital Logic with VHDL Design, Second Edition
Stephen Brown and Zvonko Vranesic | 2005-01-01 00:00:00 | McGraw-Hill Companies | 939 | Electrical Engineering
Note: CD-ROM is not included.

Fundamentals of Digital Logic With VHDL Design teaches the basic design techniques for logic circuits. It emphasizes the synthesis of circuits and explains how circuits are implemented in real chips. Fundamental concepts are illustrated by using small examples, which are easy to understand. Then, a modular approach is used to show how larger circuits are designed. VHDL is used to demonstrate how the basic building blocks and larger systems are defined in a hardware description language, producing designs that can be implemented with modern CAD tools.

The book emphasizes the concepts that should be covered in an introductory course on logic design, focusing on:

* Logic functions, gates, and rules of Boolean algebra
* Circuit synthesis and optimization techniques
* Number representation and arithmetic circuits
* Combinational-circuit building blocks, such as multiplexers, decoders, encoders, and code converters
* Sequential-circuit building blocks, such as flip-flops, registers, and counters
* Design of synchronous sequential circuits
* Use of the basic building blocks in designing larger systems

It also includes chapters that deal with important, but more advanced topics:

* Design of asynchronous sequential circuits
* Testing of logic circuits

For students who have had no exposure to basic electronics, but are interested in learning a few key concepts, there is a chapter that presents the most basic aspects of electronic implementation of digital circuits.

Major changes in the second edition of the book include

* new examples to clarify the presentation of fundamental concepts
* over 50 new examples of solved problems provided at the end of chapters
* NAND and NOR gates now introduced in Chapter 2
* more complete discussion of techniques for minimization of logic functions in Chapter 4 (including the tabular method)
* a new chapter explaining the CAD flow for synthesis of logic circuits
* Altera's Quartus II CAD software provided on a CD-ROM
* three appendices that give tutorials on the use of Quartus II software

Table of contents

1 Design Concepts
2 Introduction to Logic Circuits
3 Implementation Technology
4 Optimized Implementation of Logic Functions
5 Number Representation and Arithmetic Circuits
6 Combinational-Circuit Building Blocks
7 Flip-Flops, Registers, Counters, and a Simple Processor
8 Synchronous Sequential Circuits
9 Asynchronous Sequential Circuits
10 Digital System Design
11 Testing of Logic Circuits
12 Computer Aided Design Tools

Appendix A VHDL Reference
Appendix B Tutorial 1 - Using Quartus II CAD Software
Appendix C Tutorial 2 - Implementing Circuits in Altera Devices
Appendix D Tutorial 3 - Physical Implementations in a PLD
Appendix D Commercial Devices
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Field Theoretical Tools for Polymer and Particle Physics (Lecture Notes in Physics)



Field Theoretical Tools for Polymer and Particle Physics (Lecture Notes in Physics)
Hildegard Meyer-Ortmanns | 2006-01-01 00:00:00 | Springer | 258 | Physics
The book is written for advanced graduate students. The topics have been selected to present methods and models that have applications in both particle physics and polymer physics. The lectures may serve as a guide through more recent research activities and illustrate the applicability of joint methods in different contexts. The book deals with analytic tools (e.g. random walk models, polymer expansion), numerical tools (e.g. Langevin dynamics), and common models (the three-dimensional Gross-Neveu-Model).
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Pichlmayrs Chirurgische Therapie: Allgemein-, Viszeral- und Transplantationschirurgie (German Edition)



Pichlmayrs Chirurgische Therapie: Allgemein-, Viszeral- und Transplantationschirurgie (German Edition)
Eckhard Nagel,Dietrich Löhlein | 2005-08-15 00:00:00 | Springer | 920 | German

Die "Chirurgische Therapie" Rudolf Pichlmayrs gilt seit der 1. Auflage als das deutschsprachige Lehrbuch der Chirurgie mit dem konkretesten Praxisbezug. Es war immer ein Anliegen der Autoren, die Handlungsfähigkeit der Lesenden und Lernenden bestmöglich zu unterstützen. In der 3. Auflage gilt dies auch nach vollständiger Überarbeitung im Grundsatz unverändert. Durch die Begleit-DVD wird die Lernmöglichkeit für den Leser noch erhöht.

Seit der 2. Auflage haben sich die Grundstrukturen in der chirurgischen Ausbildung weiter differenziert. So kommt der Bereich der Transplantationschirurgie, der heute im Gesamtkonzept zur viszeralchirurgischen Versorgung gehört, in vier eigenen Kapiteln ausführlich zur Darstellung. Die aufgenommenen Kapitel Nieren-, Leber und Pankreastransplantationen sind zunehmend Bestandteil der Fort- und Weiterbildung. Das Buch deckt sowohl die Anforderungen zur Ausbildung von Studierenden und zur Facharztausbildung zur Chirurgie ab, als auch den Teilgebietsbereich der Viszeralchirurgie.

Die chirurgische Therapie ist in ihrem Fortschritt seit jeher ein Wachsen an Vorbildern. Im vorliegenden Buch wird dies besonders nachvollziehbar. Eine in 30 Jahren gewachsene chirurgische Schule, die wesentliche Inhalte der allgemein-, viszeral- und transplantationschirurgischen Versorgung neu entwickelt hat, bietet für den Lernenden ein gut nachvollziehbares System, das den gesamten chirurgischen Behandlungsablauf und seine Möglichkeiten vermittelt. Das ist einzigartig in der Literatur.



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eBay Business All-in-OneFor Dummies (For Dummies (Business & Personal Finance))



eBay Business All-in-OneFor Dummies (For Dummies (Business & Personal Finance))
| 2009-02-03 00:00:00 | | 0 | eBay


Want to become an eBay entrepreneur? Nobody knows more about starting an eBay business than Marsha Collier, and she?s put it all in 1-2-3 order for you in eBay Business All-in-One For Dummies, 2nd Edition.

This all-in-one guide includes nine handy minibooks that cover: eBay Basics Essential Tools Selling Like a Pro Sourcing Merchandise Presenting Your Items Promoting Your Goods Storing and Shipping Power Selling Office and Legal

eBay PowerSeller Marsha Collier shows you how to: Set up your business, find and manage inventory, and run your business like a pro Equip yourself with the tools that count?eBay?s search engine, online sources of information, the PayPal system, and eBay?s management tools Source your merchandise and learn valuable strategies for managing and maximizing sales Set up the optimal eBay photo studio and develop and market your eBay Web site Learn the ins and outs of online retailing and what it takes to buy and sell online safely and easily Find deals on the computer equipment you need Promote, market, and show off your goods, all the while keeping your business legal

Before you know it, you too can be a PowerSeller!  Get started today with eBay Business All-in-One For Dummies, 2nd Edition.

User review
eBay Business All-in-One Desk Reference for Dummies
Interesting and informative

Easy to read

Good reference book

Would recommend purchase

User review
WOW! - This is a BIG book!
This is a really big book. Lots of great info on everything from how the `pros` sell on Ebay, to finding merchandise to sell, to shipping your stuff, to how auctions are best presented, to becoming a powerseller.


I got some really good info on `tools` I can use to make my auctions run more smoothly. Automation software that takes away a lot of the legwork I was having to do. That was very helpful and a real time saver.


There is some good stuff on finding hot niches to sell to, but for that, I recommend Quit Your Job (and Never Go Back) - How to Create, Start, & Market an Online Business for Under $500 in 30 Days or Less, which goes a little bit deeper into the subject and helps you work through the process in a `workbook` format. The right product is essential to success, so definitely check this one out.


For automation and making auctions easy though, this Dummies guide can't be beat. Tons of great info in this thing. In fact, a bit too much, if you ask me. I would have liked to see this divided into more specific topics, getting really deep with each one. For an overview though, it's wonderful. At the least, you'll discover what you want to read more about.

User review
The ` MUST HAVE ` Book for Every Ebayer
If you are like me where your computer skills are limited to e-mail interaction, the thought of starting any level of an ebay business is not only overwhelming, but terrifying to say the least. This all-in-one desk reference for ebay DUMMIES ( that's me ) is a series of 9 in 1 books by Marsha Collier. Marsha's savy style and humor makes reading this daunting book a true pleasure! The reader is literally taken step-by-step through every process illstrated with pictures ( if your mind lags in grasping a particular concept.) This masterful book has it ALL ebay basics, essential tools, selling like a pro, presenting your items, promoting your goods, storing and shipping just to name a few topics. A personal favorite of mine is the art of ` sniping ` which consists of outbidding your competition in the very last seconds of an auction providing a true adrenaline rush for the casual or hardcore ebayer.This book answers every conceivable question the reader may have about ebay. Its loaded with helpful tips and personal secrets making the reader feel like this book was written specifically for her or him. This book is a true testament to why Marsha Collier continues to be the leading expert in the ebay world and instilling her gift of confidence to any DUMMY like me. Whether your desire is to start an ebay business or merely become a savy educated casual ebayer; this book is without a doubt the ` MUST HAVE ` bible of the ebay world ! On a personal note, have your highlighter and sticky notes ready when you start this wonderful journey into Marsha's ebay world !!

User review
eBay Business for Dummies
This was the best and most helpful of all of the For Dummies books I have purchased. I have found it so helpfull that I thought about emailing the author.

User review
Great Service!
This is a great book with all of the information that I was looking for. The product was received on the date specified. The service was excellent. Thanks again!


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Managing the Human Factor in Information Security: How to win over staff and influence business managers



Managing the Human Factor in Information Security: How to win over staff and influence business managers
| 2009-03-11 00:00:00 | | 0 | Information Systems


With the growth in social networking and the potential for larger and larger breaches of sensitive data,it is vital for all enterprises to ensure that computer users adhere to corporate policy and project staff design secure systems. Written by a security expert with more than 25 years' experience, this book examines how fundamental staff awareness is to establishing security and addresses such challenges as containing threats, managing politics, developing programs, and getting a business to buy into a security plan. Illustrated with real-world examples throughout, this is a must-have guide for security and IT professionals.


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The Political Economy of Scotland



The Political Economy of Scotland
Gregor Gall | 2005-10-25 00:00:00 | University of Wales Press | 192 | Economics
This rigorous study addresses the question of why Scottish workers appear to have a more radical industrial social climate than the British mainland. Analyzing a wealth of social statistics from Scotland, Wales, and militant regions of Britain, it is concluded that while Scottish workers are no different than their counterparts in the rest of Britain, the added importance of "the national question" in Scotland indicates that an increased sense of national identity is the primary reason why the country appears to have a more radical point of view.






"


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My Word Is My Bond Autobiog. (2CD)



My Word Is My Bond Autobiog. (2CD)
| 1900-01-01 00:00:00 | BBC Audio Books | 0 | Subjects

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Responsible Leadership Systems: An Empirical Analysis of Integrating Corporate Responsibility into Leadership Systems



Responsible Leadership Systems: An Empirical Analysis of Integrating Corporate Responsibility into Leadership Systems
Erik G. Hansen | 2010-01-01 00:00:00 | Gabler | 325 | Management
Several global crises such as climate change, the global financial breakdown and corporate corruption scandals have diminished the legitimacy of business. One possible answer to this situation is the concept of corporate responsibility (CR), a voluntary approach aiming at the integration of economic with social, ethical and environmental goals. Erik G. Hansen addresses this gap. Rooted in literature on CR and formal leadership systems he develops a conceptual "Responsible Leadership Systems" framework structuring leadership instruments and tools into seven interconnected key areas. The framework is applied in qualitative multi-case studies in seven of the largest German stock corporations. The results show that leading companies increasingly make CR part of their strategies, structures, management instruments and tools.
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Data Mining for Global Trends in Mountain Biodiversity



Data Mining for Global Trends in Mountain Biodiversity
Christian Korner, Eva M. Spehn | 2009-01-01 00:00:00 | CRC; 1 edition | 200 | Biology
Thanks to advances in electronic archiving of biodiversity data and the digitization of climate and other geophysical data, a new era in biogeography, functional ecology, and evolutionary ecology has begun. In this book Christian Korner, Eva M. Spehn, and a team of experts from the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment of DIVERSITAS explore two of the hottest subjects in science and technology: biodiversity and data mining. They demonstrate how to harness the scientific power of biological databases for furthering ecological and evolutionary theory. The text provides different methodological approaches and examples of successful mining of geo-referenced data in mountain regions on various scales.
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Verborgene Universen



Verborgene Universen
| 1900-01-01 00:00:00 | Fischer S. Verlag GmbH | 544 | Subjects

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The Red Pyramids


The Red Pyramids
Philip Carters | 1900-01-01 00:00:00 | Avsa | 250 | Fiction
If your kids are fans of Rick Riordan's Percy Jackson & The Olympians series, they'll be delighted to know that The Red Pyramid, the first book in his new series, The Kane Chronicles, has been released and is now available at bookstores across the country. According to the Disney Book Group's media advisory email,

"The Kane Chronicles [is] a new fantasy bringing ancient Egyptian mythology to life in a vivid, modern-day setting. In the debut novel of the series, The Red Pyramid, siblings Carter and Sadie Kane discover that they are descendants of great Egyptian magicians and the only ones who can set events right when a magical accident unleashes Egyptian gods into the modern world."
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The Electrical Engineering Handbook, Third Edition



The Electrical Engineering Handbook, Third Edition
Richard C. Dorf | 2006-01-01 00:00:00 | CRC | 3672 | Electrical Engineering
Spanning more than a decade of developments, The Electrical Engineering Handbook has maintained its standing as the definitive reference to the multidisciplinary field of electrical engineering. As knowledge continues to grow, this vital guide has kept pace, and this third edition has evolved into a set of six books that carefully focuses on specialized areas or fields of study, featuring key material on nanotechnologies, fuel cells, embedded systems, and biometrics. Each book represents a concise yet definitive collection of key concepts, models, and equations in its respective domain, thoughtfully gathered for convenient access. Combined, they constitute an exceptionally comprehensive, authoritative resource.
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A Course in Language Teaching: Practice of Theory



A Course in Language Teaching: Practice of Theory
Penny Ur | 1996-01-01 00:00:00 | Cambridge University Press | 389 | English
This important new course provides a comprehensive basic introduction to teaching languages, for use in pre-service or early experience settings. It can be used by groups of teachers working with a trainer, or as a self-study resource. It consists of modules on key topics, arranged into sections covering: The Teaching Process, Teaching the Language, Course Content, Lessons, and Learner Differences. Modules can be used in sequence, or selectively. Each module presents practical and theoretical aspects of the topic, with tasks. Suggestions for classroom observation and practice, action research projects and further reading are included. Notes for the trainer with stimulating insights from the author's personal experience complete the course.
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Women and the U.S. Budget: Where the Money Goes and What You Can Do About It



Women and the U.S. Budget: Where the Money Goes and What You Can Do About It
Jane Midgley | 2005-09-01 00:00:00 | New Society Publishers | 224 | Economics

The national budget represents the common resources of the people of the United States. Yet only a handful of experts understand the full impact of budget policy on the American people. Since women comprise just a fraction of national decision-makers, women's needs and perspectives are largely left out of budget policy-a critical absence during our current era of rising deficits, increasing military and security budgets, and cutbacks in public investment.

Women and the U.S. Budget helps fill the gap between the significance of the national budget in women's lives and the lack of information about it by focusing on budget literacy:

In Part One, readers take on the role of "public investigator" and explore the questions: Where does the money come from? Where does the money go? Surplus or debt? and Who decides?
Part Two connects the budget with national and international economies and examines what organizations are doing around the world to create gender-sensitive and people-centered budgets.
Part Three describes values, guiding principles, and a framework for a new budget for the United States, suggests ways to take action, and provides resources.

Part of a worldwide movement for more transparency and accountability in public budgeting, the book provides women and others with a tool for advocacy and action. It will appeal to a general audience as well as a variety of women's organizations, social service and labor union professionals, women community activists and elected officials, and students in a number of disciplines.

Jane Midgley has 25 years' experience addressing the national budget. She focused on budget policy as both legislative and executive director of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and has written and spoken extensively about budget priorities. She currently directs Strategies for Success, working with nonprofits and executive directors. She lives in Somerville, Massachusetts.


Reviews
Jane Midgley's WOMEN AND THE U.S. BUDGET is an important, significant and timely book, and it is assuredly not just for women. It presents direct and easy to comprehend information that serves as a tool in demystifying a process much in need of being demystified. If you are one of us, a woman or a man, who knows that there is something broken that needs fixing in our system and believes that individuals can fix things, then do not just add this book to your bookcase or to your coffee table. Read it. Use it. Become the P.I. (Private Investigator) Midgley urges you to become and make this book one of your essential tools for change.
Reviews
I heard an interview with the author on KGNU and was so interested in what this book was about that I have decided to order it. I hope it is as good of a read as it was a radio show to listen to.

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Schaum's Outline of Electronic Devices and Circuits



Schaum's Outline of Electronic Devices and Circuits
Jimmie J. Cathey | 2002-01-01 00:00:00 | Schaum Outline Series; 2Rev Ed edition | 318 | Electrical Engineering
This updated version of its internationally popular predecessor provides and introductory problem-solved text for understanding fundamental concepts of electronic devices, their design, and their circuitry. Providing an interface with Pspice, the most widely used program in electronics, new key features include a new chapter presenting the basics of switched mode power supplies, thirty-one new examples, and twenty-three PS solved problems.

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Master the fundamentals of Electronic Devices and Circuits with Schaum's--the high-performance study guide. It will help you cut study time, hone problem-solving skills, and achieve your personal best on exams and projects!
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Mastering IPTables (article from Linux Format 14)


Mastering IPTables (article from Linux Format 14)
David Coulson | 2001-01-01 00:00:00 | www.linuxformat.co.uk | 6 | Security
Security chief David Coulson shows you how 2.4's new Iptables features can be used to keep out unwanted crackers.
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Information Trading, Volatility, and Liquidity in Option Markets



Information Trading, Volatility, and Liquidity in Option Markets
Joseph A. Cherian | 1900-01-01 00:00:00 | Research Foundation of the Institute of Chart | 27 | Investing

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The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy.



The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy.
Kenneth Pomeranz | 2001-12-03 00:00:00 | Princeton University Press | 392 | Economics

The Great Divergence brings new insight to one of the classic questions of history: Why did sustained industrial growth begin in Northwest Europe, despite surprising similarities between advanced areas of Europe and East Asia? As Ken Pomeranz shows, as recently as 1750, parallels between these two parts of the world were very high in life expectancy, consumption, product and factor markets, and the strategies of households. Perhaps most surprisingly, Pomeranz demonstrates that the Chinese and Japanese cores were no worse off ecologically than Western Europe. Core areas throughout the eighteenth-century Old World faced comparable local shortages of land-intensive products, shortages that were only partly resolved by trade.

Pomeranz argues that Europe's nineteenth-century divergence from the Old World owes much to the fortunate location of coal, which substituted for timber. This made Europe's failure to use its land intensively much less of a problem, while allowing growth in energy-intensive industries. Another crucial difference that he notes has to do with trade. Fortuitous global conjunctures made the Americas a greater source of needed primary products for Europe than any Asian periphery. This allowed Northwest Europe to grow dramatically in population, specialize further in manufactures, and remove labor from the land, using increased imports rather than maximizing yields. Together, coal and the New World allowed Europe to grow along resource-intensive, labor-saving paths.

Meanwhile, Asia hit a cul-de-sac. Although the East Asian hinterlands boomed after 1750, both in population and in manufacturing, this growth prevented these peripheral regions from exporting vital resources to the cloth-producing Yangzi Delta. As a result, growth in the core of East Asia's economy essentially stopped, and what growth did exist was forced along labor-intensive, resource-saving paths--paths Europe could have been forced down, too, had it not been for favorable resource stocks from underground and overseas.
Reviews
I was taught in high school that the Industrial Revolution came about in England through technological innovation, which led to a fundamental reordering of British society, with old cottage industries overtaken by factories and with country laborers drawn into new, large, cities with perennial grey skies. Later on in lower division history survey course, I was taught that the depletion of English forests to supply the Royal Navy meant that those forests had to be protected and forced Englishmen to look elsewhere for fuel, namely underground, and that the struggle to keep the coal mines from flooding and to transport the coal long distances led to the development of the steam engine, which could then be put to a variety of labor-saving industrial tasks. This book doesn't address these issues so much. What it does do is provide international context to the Industrial Revolution, comparing the economies, laws, natural resources and social structures of Britain and China and Japan, and occasionally India or a few European nations to try and answer the question: Why England, or more broadly, which is what Pommeranz asks: Why Europe? To put, for example, China and Britain into context, he includes Britain as part of Europe, because it makes more sense to compare to large landmasses with large populations, some broadly shared cultural traits to each other. After all, he points out, while China's external trade paled in comparison with European trade in the 19th century, the nation's INTERNAL trade was just as robust as Europe's. Certain persistent myths about the Western cultural foundations of Capitalism should be thrown out-- in 1750 it was easier to buy and sell land on the private market in China than in England, which in retained more feudalistic social and economic structures later than did China. What Pommeranz suggests is that the great economic (and indeed political) lead that Britain and other western powers took on the world stage only occurred in the very late 19th century and lasted relatively shortly. Furthermore, he argues that it was not inevitable that only Britain (or other Europeans) would have developed the Industrial technologies that allowed for so much of European imperial successes, but that other countries (specifically China and Japan) very well could have produced similar technologies given the time or correct . Basically, it was not a matter of cultural determinism à la Weber that the Industrial Revolution occured, but rather largely through more proximate factors. The subject itself is interesting, but the evidence at times can be yawn-inducing. Charts and tables on productivity and the like aren't exactly page-turners for me. This is a must-read for anyone interested in the formation of Industrial economies and in the shaping of the modern world, assuming you have the patience to wade through the economic data. Pommeranz offers a compelling, if non-traditional, view of the Industrial Revolution. In history, context is everything, and this book helps provide that.
Reviews
Kenneth Pomeranz's The Great Divergence reinforces some arguments of Frank's ReOrient and reformulates some others. Like Frank, Pomeranz argues that European economy was not unusually different from or superior to the economies of China and Japan until the 19th century. Like Frank, Pomeranz also argues that the critical factors that made possible the rise of Europe were external rather than internal factors. However, unlike Frank who explained the rise of the West in the 19th century through "the fall of Asia" in the previous century, Pomeranz attributes the nineteenth-century divergence between the European economy and the Asian economies to Europe's coal and New World's land that jointly relived the ecological constraints of the nineteenth-century Europeans.



Explaining Pre-Divergence Similarities:



Pomeranz starts his book with comparisons of European and Asian economies in 16th through 18th centuries. A difference in Pomeranz's approach is that he prefers to compare "regions" rather than countries. He argues that such places as Yangzi Delta, The Kanto plain, Britain, the Netherlands, and Gujarat, shared some crucial features with each other, which they did not share with the rest of the world or subcontinent around them. Thus, he prefers to compare these special areas directly rather than within the larger "arbitrary" continental units (p. 8).



Pomeranz first demonstrates that there were no significant differences between England, China, and Japan in terms of average standards of life. Average life expectancy and calorie intake were at comparable levels in all three countries. In the same vein, the European had no superiority to Asians with respect to technology and mining. China was ahead of Europe in physical science, mathematics, and maternal and infant health. Europe's irrigation technology also lagged behind China, India, and Japan. Even as late as first half of the 19th century, Indian iron was reported to be superior to English iron (pp. 44-6). If Europe had any real technological edge in the 18th century, it was not in tools or machines, but in "instruments" such as clocks, watches, telescopes, and eyeglasses (p. 67).



Pomeranz then tries to show that differences in terms of labor and land markets in Europe and China in 16th through 18th centuries were significant and did not always favor Europe so that they would be a viable explanation for the later divergence. Indeed, overall China was closer to market economy than was most of Europe, including most of "western" Europe. Much of Western Europe's farmland was harder to buy and sell than that of China. In Yangzi Valley, for example, close to half of land was rented (p. 72-3). This was also similar in labor market. Labor was not less free in China than in Europe (pp. 80-1). Thus, Pomeranz concludes that Europe's factor markets for land and labor "seem no closer to Smithian ideas of freedom and efficiency than do those of China, and perhaps a good deal less so," (p. 107).



Part II of The Great Divergence deals with the less-analyzed issue of consumption. Pomeranz takes issue with Sombart and some others' argument that Europe a produced a unique "consumer society" that provided a demand base for industrial revolution. Pomeranz challenges the "consumer society" argument on two grounds. On the one side, he demonstrates that the rise in the European consumption of such luxury goods as tea, sugar, and tobacco was very incremental until the 19th century. He therefore asserts that imagining an irreversible "birth of a consumer society" before 1850 may be seriously misleading (p. 119). On the other side, he demonstrates that consumption of these everyday luxury goods were at comparable levels in China and Japan. The consumption of durable luxuries (furniture, pictures, china, books, jewelry, etc.) was not significantly different in these three regions either (pp. 130-1). Thus, Europe did not have any type of "consumer society" advantage vis-à-vis China and Japan that would give her a head start in the competition to rise. I should also note that European figures as to consumption of luxury goods refute the arguments on "European" miracle as well. Pomeranz demonstrates that, if anything, it was a British, and to lesser extent Dutch, revolution and not a European one until 1850 (pp. 119).



To sum up the first part, Pomeranz demonstrates that Europe was not exceptionally different from China or Japan in terms of production, market regulation, or the consumption of luxury goods. Given this similarity of internal factors, Pomeranz turns to external linkages to explain the nineteenth-century divergence.



Explaining the Divergence:



A weakness in Andre Gunder Frank's book was that he could not adequately account for the "rise of the West" in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Frank's argument was that Asian economies were altogether facing a Kondratieff B-cycle in the first half of the 18th century and this allowed Europe to finally outdo the Asians. He therefore asserts that "the fall of Asia" preceded European political and military intervention in Asian nations (ReOrient, pp. 266-8). Pomeranz finds this argument impressionistic and discards it on the grounds that population growth and ecological effects that were argued to make China "fall" were present in Europe as well. Thus, he asserts, "if Europe was not yet in crisis, then in all likelihood China was not either," (p. 12).



Pomeranz argues that the primary problem that both European and Asian nations were facing by 18th century were the ecological constraints that resulted from increasing population and scarce land. Therefore, the real and long-lasting solution would necessitate land-saving innovations rather than labor-saving ones.

As such, industrial revolution was a cause of later European rise than result of previous European exceptionality.



A Conclusion:

When compared with Frank's ReOrient, Pomeranz's The Great Divergence is more robust and convincing in two respects. First, it does not have a "Sinocentrism" bias and argues that the pre-1800 world was "a polycentric world with no dominant center," (p. 4). Second, it tries to explain the rise of Europe in the 19th century with substantive factors rather than mysterious Kondratieff cycles. In that respect, The Great Divergence is a nice remedy to the gaps and problems in ReOrient. However, I think that Pomeranz's downplaying the importance of profits that European made through colonialism is misleading. In evaluating the role of colonial profit-extraction in Europe's rise, one should take into account its impact on the continuation and spread of industrial revolution as well as on industrial revolution itself. Even if the spark of the industrial revolution could be lighted without the profits made in the New World, the fire of industrial revolution would not have survived a couple decades if it were not for the colonial resources and markets.


Reviews
The strengths: Very provocative, aiming straight at conventional wisdom, be it euro-centric or world-system ones. Solid research behind the comparative study of Europe, China, and to a lesser extend, Japan. Pomeranz gives out hard evidence in life-expectacy, birth rates, market condition, ecological stress etc., hightlighting striking similarites between these socities in the 18th century.



Some readers may have problem with his conclusion that industrialization went ahead only because Europe got lucky in the convenient location of coal and the readily available resourses of the new world. However, just because these are paramount factors does not mean that they are all it needed. Put another way, had China got the same good fortune, it does not necessarily follow that China would industrilize, nor has Pomeranz argued this way.



Weaknesses: The writing is BAD, very convoluted. However, the most important failure is that Pomeranz treats these societies as though they were static. He failed to take into consideration their difference in the RATE of change. The fact that Europe was playing a catch up to Asia through-out the middle ages, and achieved par in pre-modern time, had to imply a quicker pulse. Europe's gradual opening of the mind (reformation ,renaissance), was roughly concurrent with China's gradual closing (the advent of neo-confucianism, ossification of the civil examination system). It's hard to believe that this change of fortune had no long-lasting impact on the underlying dynamics of the societes. Culture does matter, it's just been given a bad name by the likes of Huntington and Landes:)
Reviews
Pomeranz advances the thesis that Europe's rise to world power (instead of a potentially similar but not historically realized rise by China, Japan, or India) was not caused by any internal social advantage possessed by western Europe-at least not principally caused. Pomeranz uses extensive research to demonstrate that western Europe, China, and Japan were not fundamentally different societies at the beginning of the modern era. The author maintains that Europe had the good fortune of having the land and mineral resources of the New World available at the right time, along with the conveniently-located coal resources of England; and it is this collection of fortuitous advantages that enabled Europe to propel itself into industrial revolution and world power.



The premise of the book is promising. The meat of the book can be a bit difficult to chew. The author compares the human, energy, land, and other resources of Europe and China in great detail to make his case. The sheer volume of facts and figures can make the going slow. Still, it's worth reading all of what the author has to say.



Overall, the argument is compelling. All three societies (western Europe, China, and Japan) were faced with populations that had more-or-less come in line with the carrying capacities of their lands based on the level of technology of the day. Additional agricultural productivity could only have come with additional inputs of labor into the existing stock of land. This is essentially what happened in China. Western Europe, led by England, went the way of labor-saving techniques and technologies that would not have been practicable without access to the additional agricultural potential and mineral wealth of the New World. Other factors, such as financial institutions and internal competition fade in importance before the simple math of carrying capacity.



The Great Divergence is quality reading. One does not have to agree with everything contained in the book to absorb the basic point: Europe got lucky. Be prepared to wade through an appropriately generous supply of facts and figures to back Pomeranz's claim.


Reviews
In "The Great Divergence", Kenneth Pomeranz presents an exhaustive investigation of the minutest differences and similarities in development of China and Western Europe. His claim, and stated objective, is to show that Europe's emergence as a preeminent power was the result of privileged access to overseas colonies, exploitation of non-Europeans, and a fortunate `geographic accident' of the location of coal in England. However, considering China's significant, and much earlier, developments in science, technology, and shipping, not to mention their huge deposits of coal, and its use some 600 years before the Europeans to make iron, it's difficult to understand Pomeranz's rationalization of those claims and ultimately the whole point of his book.



His specialty and interests clearly lie in China. In this book he attempts to shed a somewhat biased benevolent light on China by explaining the violent circumstances that led to the industrial revolution in Europe, and why it didn't happen in China. He presents a comparative analysis in such close, tortuous, detail that he becomes myopic in drawing his conclusions. His joy and skill clearly lie in analysis, rather than synthesis, and in the process, and among the ensuing debris, he loses a view of the whole as processes of nation building rather than competing sets of historical data. The outcome notwithstanding, he consistently paints each step in the process of growth in Europe and its colonies as a violent and ugly stepsister to a more sophisticated, benign version taking place in China. All of which may be true, but he discounts the effects of institutions, capital markets, capital accumulation, and regulatory competition in Europe as having marginal effect on the difference in outcome between the two areas because in his opinion what was happening in Europe was so similar to what was going on in China. He states that "European science, technology, and philosophical inclinations alone do not seem an adequate explanation, and alleged differences in economic institutions seem largely irrelevant".



Regulatory competition in Europe, for Pomeranz, equates to military competition. Although it could be argued from a more objective perspective that military research and development regularly spins off technological advances applicable in commercial areas, Pomeranz claims that in Europe `the net effect of warfare on technological innovation is likely to have been negative'. Clearly not true, but his argument about it possibly killing off other inventors was kind of funny. The development of institutions and property rights arising from this competition for him equals only the purchases of position, interference of guild control, and the granting monopoly privileges. He claims that all served to keep prices high, limit the extent of markets, and restrict output. The most positive function of `military' competition seen by Pomeranz is in the overseas projection of power. This lies in contrast to his claim that China was engaged in competitive trade with low margins, unprivileged by the state, that couldn't generate enough profits to finance a European style military capitalism. Here he ignores the Chinese obsession with intensive land use to feed its armies. The vast differences between the European states and the diversity of politics, social constructs, and institutions therein will show that had any single one of them been dominant the story of Europe, and the world, would have been very much different. Had the Chinese the benefit of this fracture, the voyages of Zheng He would have been continued, but when he died, the Confucians were regaining power and There was no political or spiritual will to continue. They felt that other nations had nothing to offer the already prosperous Chinese and they had no need to conquer their souls. Their voyages were ended, their fleets were dismantled and they turned inward. It became a crime to set sail from China in a multi-masted ship. This was their choice. One nation, one choice. Had there been competition among states in China, someone, somewhere would have chosen to continue.



As far as ethical systems and ideology are concerned, Pomeranz doesn't consider the consequences of differing motivation but only writes that philosophical inclinations do not seem an adequate explanation of divergent paths. Lost in analysis of the details of the similarities, here he misses the significance of the differences. Arguing that they were too small to create the large disparities in outcomes, he fails to ask whether those differences were what led to different choices. The differences in the ethical systems of Christian Western Europe and Confucian, Buddhist, and Taoist China are enormous. The differences in the choices made within the context of those systems, especially within the protestant reformation and the creation of the Church of England, are significant. Pomeranz claims that ideology, or `philosophical inclinations', can't explain the different outcomes in the fortunes of China and Europe, but it was ideology and philosophy that led to the divergence in their development paths. Western Europe's history of fighting Muslims to keep them at bay and out of Europe established their crusading zeal to protect themselves by trying to convert everyone they could find. They embodied this fear and hegemonic drive and made Christian solipsism an imperative part of their culture. Vasco Da Gama said that the objectives of his voyages were "Christians and Spices". This dogmatic drive of the Europeans and their churches' implicit consent of their conquests and colonialism lent a higher power to their expansion. The Chinese chose not to continue their voyages. The Europeans were on a mission from God.



In this book, great tenaciousness in presenting historical data meets an astounding lack of insight into behavior and economics, and leaves the reader (at least me anyway) wondering why it was written in the first place.



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C: The Complete Reference, 4th Ed.



C: The Complete Reference, 4th Ed.
| 2000-04-26 00:00:00 | | 0 | C


Another gem from Herb Schildt--best-selling programming author with more than 2.5 million books sold! C: The Complete Reference, Fourth Edition gives you full details on C99, the New ANSI/ISO Standard for C. You'll get in-depth coverage of the C language and function libraries as well as all the newest C features, including restricted pointers, inline functions, variable-length arrays, and complex math. This jam-packed resource includes hundreds of examples and sample applications.

User review
Note source of complaints about this book, please
This book is in common use by C developers, especially on Microsoft platforms. It has some flaws, mostly due to Microsoft centricity, but I shall give it five stars.


Thuis is because all of the complaints about this books seem to me, after researching this issue, to date by way of viral replication from a single document (`C: the Complete Nonsense`: use Google to find). I have discovered that the author of this document is without qualifications or standing in either practical real-world programming (especially on Microsoft platforms) or academic training, whereas Herb Schildt has a Master's in computer science and extensive real-world experience especially but not exclusively on Microsoft platforms, where C programmers need extensive guidance.


Based on this single document it has become a fashion statement amongst non-Microsoft developers to `hate Schildt`.


The behavior of the author of `C: The Complete Nonsense` was an example of a new childishness in putatively learned professions, as is the famous Sokal hoax, justified by a supposedly egalitarian or libertarian spirit which discounts certification and which mines individual texts for nuggets: which specialises in giving offense and causing pain as ersatz logic through magnified canards and Sokal-style pranks. Since theory formation (such as theorizing why there are Two Cultures in programming) might anger anti-intellectual programmer employers by giving accidental offense somewhere in the money network, it's actually safer to regress to the nightmare of childhood: Fascism.

User review
Content OK, but it's in a hundred pieces.
This is a reference book, and not a bad one. I would have given it 4 stars, but the quality of the binding is terrible.


I think a few pages fell out, the first time I opened this book. After some mild usage, I've just got a big ole pile of papers, with a bunch of missing pages.

User review
The most updated C book on the market.
First of all, it shoud be said that the C language is so widely used it's a shame that good and updated books no longer appears on the market. This book is an exception. To my knowledge, it's the only book that covers the latest additions from the last ISO/IEC 9899:1999 standard.

This book covers (in addition to the traditional C89 standard):

1) restrict pointers.

2) the inline reserved word.

3) The new _Bool and bool types.

4) The new _Complex and _Imaginary reserved words.

5) The new `long long` integers for 64 bit integer arithmetic.

6) Variable lenght arrays.

7) Type qualifiers in array definitions.

8) Single line comments.

9) Mixed code / declaration style.

10) Variable arguments to macros.

11) The _Pragma operator.

12) Variable declaration inside for() cycles.

13) The new compound literals.

14) Flexible arrays inside struct members.

15) Delegate initializers.

16) Various additions and differences from the past standard.


and, most importantly, it always underline when a concept apply to C99 only, when it apply to C89 and when it is usable in both standards. It also underline when something get in contrast with the C++ programming language. The difference between the two standards will be always clear.

And, to my opinion, this is a *very good thing*.

What matters the most is: this book will teach you C. It's not an advanced book nor a beginner book. It's intermediate. So, if you're looking for an updated book about the C programming language and you have programmed something before, get this book now and leave complaints to others. If you're searching for a pedantic syntax/semantic analysis for the C language, just buy the specifications. The last section of the book is fantastic to gain confidence with the language. While not C related, it teaches you how to solve common problems by using C in practice:

a) Search and sorting.

b) Queues, stacks, linked lists and trees.

c) Sparse arrays with hash tables.

d) Syntax analysis and expression evaluation.

e) Some techniques used in artificial intelligence.


An additional section covers the implementation of a small C subset interpreter!!!


This book is not intended to be the most complete and advanced C book of the planet, but reading it surely it will contribute to your C knowledge and technical skills with it. Buy it without hesitation as a first book for this language. And don't skip more advanced books like `Expert C Programming` by Peter Van Der Linden, `C Traps and Pitfalls` by Andrew Koenig and `Memory as a Programming Concept` by Frantisek Franek.

User review
Stay away from Gerry S. Hayes
[Helpful? Not? Please vote.] :: Mr. Hayes is undoubtedly a competent C programmer. This book isn't intended for him, nor anyone else who patently needs no introduction to the basics. For example: If you know and understand and can recognize fundamental differences between compilers (perhaps you've written a compiler or two yourself?) ,,. you likely don't need this book. If you know and understand different program extensions or have a nuts-n-bolts understanding of portability issues ,,. you likely don't need this book. If you're porting code across platforms in the first place ,,. I digress. I just hated to see the first review of this book rate it so poorly by being so obviously slanted or geared to the competent and experienced programmer ,,. Similarly, `Green Eggs and Ham` isn't really a Comparative Literature text either.


This book is for new-ish programmers. I think it's specifically for undergrads who don't want to memorize the minutia of every single string function in C. Plain, vanilla C-code is all about syntax, order of operation and algorithms of the native functions. Most students understand how to solve labs on paper, but can't translate it to the infernal foreign language that is C-code. C is no mystery, and it's about exactness and handling every single possible input. It's also about reserved words, declaring and using data types and structures, and basically completing lab assignments, for the first 3 years or so. After that, C, C++, JAVA, whatever ,,. you know programming, and can find out what you need to complete any program in any language once you have the basics well in hand. Having taught at the University level, I find Schildt to be very good at making Sophomores out of Freshmen, and Juniors out of Sophomores. Beyond that, it's only a once-in-a-while grab to look up some small thing or another ,,.


I used this book for undergrad and grad CS studies. It is THE preeminent reference for plain, vanilla C-language coding. It has data types, quirky ways compliers and loaders treat certain operations, and lots of `details` that you just can't and probably shouldn't remember unless you use them every day. This is the encyclopedia of C-language details, in a reference format; something lacking from K&R's books, which can have you searching and reading on a topic for some time, only to find an answer of limited utility. I do LOVE K&R's book(s), but it took a couple of years before I was fluent enough to really absorb their prose, which is no doubt, a more advanced treatment of what you can do with C. This `Schildt manual`, as we called it in school, is more about HOW to do something, once you know WHAT you want to do ,,. This will not solve algorithm problems for you, per se, but if you're looking for the string operation that will make what your algorithm calls for easiest, they're all in here, explained with syntax and order of operations in plain English. I would hate to think what my undergrad years would have been like without this book. Worth the $$ at twice the price. (of course, people have found intermittent instances where this book was no help, or even outright wrong ,,. welcome to computer science and math ,,. ain't it grand?!?!? ,,. `Hilbert, meet Godel` :-)


After an MS in CS, multiple applications and system level programming projects, several years in industry, and having taught introductory C-programming for 7 semesters, if I could have ONE and only ONE reference book on the C-language, this would be it. The `class time` instruction is available on any online C-coding tutorial ,,. the unforgiving nature of code/logic makes `correctness` imperative. Correctness is in the details. The details are in Schildt's C Reference, and they're easy to find ,,. thus, you can finish your lab, take a shower and make it to the party with all your friends, instead of sitting in the lab, sweating whether to use strtok() or strstr(), while your youth and `fun years in college` are ever more fleeting. Believe me, you have better things to do than try to solve a second year lab assignment using Kernighan & Ritchie ,,. ( K&R = `the authors`, so reverently mentioned in several prior reviews, JIC that isn't common knowledge). Their books, and afrementioned reviews of this book, though correct in probably every way, are sort of like Microsoft Help Topic answers (Seebach's page contains rants from other would-be authors who seem to wish that they'd not only had the idea to write this book before Schildt, but also employed their many computer-geek buddies to help them edit it better as well. Neither happened.). To put K&R's work, as relates to the beginner, into the MS Help Page perspective:


[ A helicopter was lost in the fog near SeaTac airport, radar was down, and they were flying blind. Suddenly, from the mist, appeared a large building. As people gathered by the windows to gaze at the helicopter, the passengers scrawled a sign for the onlookers, `Help! Where are we?`. A few disappeared into the cubicle farm and returned with a sign reading, `You're in a helicopter!` The pilot promptly turned the chopper around, and said that's Microsoft headquarters, SeaTac is this way. `How can you know that?` they inquired. He replied, `I know it was Microsoft b/c that was a technically correct, but totally useless answer.` ] That was the feeling I got early on while reading K&R. They now occupy a place of high importance in my library, but I could've held off on that purchase for some time ,,. just my opinion. Use Schildt until you get your parchment, then go off and organize a maverick and superior disposition of your own, like Schildt's detractors. The problems with the book are piddling compared to what it has to offer, and are unlikely to be an issue for it's intended audience.

User review
Great product & service
This was my first purchase from amazon and I was totally impressed by the quality of the product and the service!


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